3. Skilled Immigration
  4. Express Entry (EE)
  5. About Express Entry in Canada

Skilled Immigration

Explore Immigration Opportunities for Foreign Skilled Workers

Express Entry (EE)

About Express Entry in Canada

What is Express Entry

Express Entry (EE) is an immigration system launched by the Canadian government to manage and select overseas skilled workers who wish to immigrate to Canada as permanent residents.

The EE system manages 3 federal economic immigration programs:

The system is flexible and efficient, for example, candidates can update their profiles and Comprehensive Ranking System scores in real time. It helps applicants increase their chances of being invited to apply. 


How Express Entry Works

Launched in January 2015, the Express Entry system is used to expedite the application processing for permanent residency. It uses a points-based system, the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) to rank and select candidates based on their skills, education, language proficiency, work experience, age, and other factors. 

Eligible applicants are placed in the EE pool and ranked against one another based on their CRS scores. Periodically, the Canadian government conducts draws from the pool of candidates. The Invitation to Apply (ITA) will then be issued to candidates who have the highest ranking in a round of invitations to apply for permanent residency. ITA candidates have 60 calendar days to submit their application for permanent residence. If approved, candidates can immigrate to Canada along with their family members. 


Eligibility to Apply

To determine whether you are eligible to apply through the Express Entry system, you can use the tool offered by IRCC on their website. Here are the steps:

  1. Go to the Submit an Express Entry profile: Online form website. 
  2. Click on the “Find out if you’re eligible” button.
  3. Arrive at the “Come to Canada” tool website. Click on the “Check your eligibility” button.
  4. Answer a few questions about your nationality, age, language ability, education, work experience, and other factors.
  5. Based on your responses, the tool will assess your eligibility for Express Entry and provide you with next-step instructions.
  6. You may get a positive or negative result.
    1. If you are not eligible to apply for any stream under the EE system, the tool will not provide you with any further steps regarding the next-step application instructions. You could find other ways to immigrate to Canada.  
    2. If you are eligible to apply for any stream under the EE system, the tool will give you a number at the end, which looks like JM1234567890. The tool will also provide you with instructions on how to create an Express Entry profile and how to submit an application for permanent residency.


Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is a points-based system used by IRCC to evaluate and rank candidates who have created a profile in the Express Entry system. The maximum score each candidate can get under the CRS is 1,200 points. It is no doubt that the higher the CRS score, the higher chance of being invited to apply for permanent residency. 

The CRS assesses candidates’ profiles on various factors such as age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and other factors. It will then determine the CRS score of each candidate. 

The factors that are considered in the CRS calculation are as follows:

The CRS score is dynamic and can change based on a candidate’s profile updates or changes in the pool of candidates. Candidates with the highest CRS scores are invited to apply for permanent residency during regular draws conducted by the IRCC.


How to Improve the Profile and Ranking after Getting into the Express Entry Pool?

The Government of Canada selects candidates from the Express Entry pool according to its Comprehensive Ranking System ranking. Therefore, it is in a candidate’s best interest to improve their ranking in the Express Entry pool to maximize their chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence.

Once a candidate has created an Express Entry Profile and entered the pool, there are several ways they can improve their profile and increase their ranking:

  • Improve language proficiency: Candidates can work hard to improve their language skills and retake the language tests to get a higher CLB level. Although having French language skills can get an additional 50 points, it is not quite applicable to candidates who have to learn French from scratch. 
  • Enhance education qualifications: Candidates can obtain additional degrees, diplomas, or certificates to increase their CRS score, especially getting the qualification from a Canadian institution. 
  • Get a job offer: Candidates holding a job offer from a Canadian employer may receive an additional 50 or 200 points, depending on the job’s skill level. 
  • Gain more work experience: Candidates can gain more work experience in their field. Foreign and Canadian work experience can help demonstrate candidates’ valuable skills and experience that can benefit the labour market in Canada. 


NEW SELECTION MEASURE (Announced on May 31, 2023)

On May 31, 2023, the Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) announced a new selection measure for the Express Entry system. Canada will implement the category-based selection for the country’s flagship economic immigration management system, Express Entry. 

This approach allows Canada to attract experienced professionals in high-demand fields and prioritize the significance of Francophone immigration. 



In order to receive an invitation in a category-based round, it is essential to fulfill all the requirements specified in the instructions for that particular round. During a category-based round of invitations, the following steps will be taken:

  1. Candidates in the pool who satisfy the category requirements will be ranked.
  2. Top-ranking candidates will be invited to apply for permanent residence.


Categories Chosen for 2023

Below are the categories chosen for 2023:

  • French-language proficiency
  • Healthcare occupations
  • Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) occupations
  • Trade occupations
  • Transport occupations
  • Agriculture and agri-food occupations


To meet the eligibility criteria for French-language proficiency, you must fulfill the following requirements:

  • Provide French-language test results indicating a minimum score of 7 in all four language abilities as per the Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens.
  • Satisfy all the requirements mentioned in the instructions specific to the respective round.

To meet the eligibility requirements for the above-mentioned occupations, you must satisfy the following conditions:

  • Acquire a minimum of 6 months of continuous work experience, either in Canada or abroad, within the past 3 years. This work experience should be in a single occupation listed in the table provided below.
  • Fulfill all the requirements specified in the instructions for the particular round.


Healthcare occupations

Occupation 2021 NOC Code 2021 TEER Category
Audiologists and speech language pathologists 31112 1
Chiropractors 31201 1
Dentists 31110 1
Dieticians and nutritionists 31121 1
Education counsellors 41320 1
General practitioners and family physicians 31102 1
Instructors of persons with disabilities 42203 2
Kinesiologists and other professional occupation in therapy and assessment 31204 1
Licensed practical nurses 32101 2
Massage therapists 32201 2
Medical laboratory assistants and related technical occupations 33101 3
Medical laboratory technologists 32120 2
Medical radiation technologists 32121 2
Medical sonographers 32122 2
Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates 33102 3
Nurse practitioners 31302 1
Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors 31300 1
Occupational therapists 31203 1
Optometrists 31111 1
Other assisting occupations in support of health services 33109 3
Other practitioners of natural healing 32209 2
Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating 31209 1
Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment 32109 2
Paramedical occupations 32102 2
Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants 33103 3
Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals 31303 1
Physiotherapists 31202 1
Psychologists 31200 1
Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses 31301 1
Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists 32103 2
Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine 31100 1
Specialists in surgery 31101 1
Therapists in counselling and related specialized therapies 41301 1
Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and acupuncturists 32200 2
Veterinarians 31103 1


Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) occupations

Occupation 2021 NOC code 2021 TEER category
Architects 21200 1
Architecture and science managers 20011 0
Business systems specialists 21221 1
Civil Engineers 21300 1
Computer and information systems managers 20012 0
Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers) 21311 1
Computer systems developers and programmers 21230 1
Cybersecurity specialists 21220 1
Data scientists 21211 1
Database analysts and data administrators 21223 1
Electrical and electronics engineers 21310 1
Engineering managers 20010 0
Industrial and manufacturing engineers 21321 1
Information systems specialists 21222 1
Land surveyors 21203 1
Landscape Architects 21201 1
Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries 21210 1
Metallurgical and materials engineers 21322 1
Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers 41400 1
Software developers and programmers 21232 1
Software engineers and designers 21231 1
Urban and land use planners 21202 1
Web designers 21233 1
Web developers and programmers 21234 1


Trade occupations

Occupation 2021 NOC code 2021 TEER category
Residential and commercial installers and servicers 73200 3
Elevator constructors and mechanics 72406 2
Machine fitters 72405 2
Heating, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics 72402 2
Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics 72400 2
Carpenters 72310 2
Plumbers 72300 2
Electricians (except industrial and power system) 72200 2
Welders and related machine operators 72106 2
Contractors and supervisors,  Other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers 72014 2


Transport occupations

Occupation 2021 NOC code 2021 TEER category
Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors 93200 3
Transport truck drivers 73300 3
Railway traffic controllers and marine traffic regulators 72604 2
Engineer officers, water transport 72603 2
Deck officers, water transport 72602 2
Air traffic controller and related occupations 72601 2
Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors 72600 2
Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors 72404 2
Railway carmen/women 72403 2
Managers in transportation 70020 0


Agriculture and agri-food occupations

Occupation 2021 NOC code 2021 TEER category
Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services 82031 2
Agricultural service contractors and farm supervisors 82030 2
Butchers – retail and wholesale 63201 3


Express Entry Draws

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) rank candidates in the Express Entry pool using a points-based system, the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). Highest-ranking candidates are selected from the pool and invited to apply for permanent residence. The below table shows a list of all the Express Entry rounds of invitations in 2023. 

Express Entry – Rounds of Invitations 2023
262 Aug 15, 2023 496 4,300 EE
261 Aug 3, 2023 388 1,500 EE (Trade Occupations)
260 Aug 2, 2023 435 800 EE (French Language Proficiency)
259 Aug 1, 2023 517 2,000 EE
258 Jul 12, 2023 375 3,800 EE (French Language Proficiency)
257 Jul 11, 2023 505 800 EE
256 Jul 7, 2023 439 2,300 EE (French Language Proficiency)
255 Jul 6, 2023 463 1,500 EE (Healthcare Occupations)
254 Jul 5, 2023 486 500 EE (STEM)
253 Jul 4, 2023 511 700 EE
252 Jun 28, 2023 476 500 EE (Healthcare Occupations)
251 Jun 27, 2023 486 4,300 EE
250 Jun 8, 2023 486 4,800 EE
249 May 24, 2023 488 4,800 EE
248 May 10, 2023 691 589 PNP
247 Apr 26, 2023 483 3,500 EE
246 Apr 12, 2023 486 3,500 EE
245 Mar 29, 2023 481 7,000 EE
244 Mar 23, 2023 484 7,000 EE
243 Mar 15, 2023 490 7,000 EE
242 Mar 1, 2023 748 667 PNP
241 Feb 15, 2023 791 699 PNP
240 Feb 2, 2023 489 3,300 FSW
239 Feb 1, 2023 733 893 PNP
238 Jan 18, 2023 490 5,500 EE
237 Jan 11, 2023 507 5,500 EE